HOP plus : History-Enhanced and Order-Aware Pre-Training for Vision-and-Language Navigation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE(2023)

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摘要
Recent works attempt to employ pre-training in Vision-and-Language Navigation (VLN). However, these methods neglect the importance of historical contexts or ignore predicting future actions during pre-training, limiting the learning of visual-textual correspondence and the capability of decision-making. To address these problems, we present a history-enhanced and order-aware pre-training with the complementing fine-tuning paradigm (HOP+) for VLN. Specifically, besides the common Masked Language Modeling (MLM) and Trajectory-Instruction Matching (TIM) tasks, we design three novel VLN-specific proxy tasks: Action Prediction with History (APH) task, Trajectory Order Modeling (TOM) task and Group Order Modeling (GOM) task. APH task takes into account the visual perception trajectory to enhance the learning of historical knowledge as well as action prediction. The two temporal visual-textual alignment tasks, TOM and GOM further improve the agent's ability to order reasoning. Moreover, we design a memory network to address the representation inconsistency of history context between the pre-training and the fine-tuning stages. The memory network effectively selects and summarizes historical information for action prediction during fine-tuning, without costing huge extra computation consumption for downstream VLN tasks. HOP+ achieves new state-of-the-art performance on four downstream VLN tasks (R2R, REVERIE, RxR, and NDH), which demonstrates the effectiveness of our proposed method.
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关键词
Task analysis, Trajectory, History, Navigation, Predictive models, Transformers, Atmospheric modeling, Vision-and-language navigation, pre-training, memory networks
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