PePNet: A Periodicity-Perceived Workload Prediction Network Supporting Rare Occurrence of Heavy Workload

arxiv(2023)

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摘要
Cloud providers can greatly benefit from accurate workload prediction. However, the workload of cloud servers is highly variable, with occasional heavy workload bursts. This makes workload prediction challenging. There are mainly two categories of workload prediction methods: statistical methods and neural-network-based ones. The former ones rely on strong mathematical assumptions and have reported low accuracy when predicting highly variable workload. The latter ones offer higher overall accuracy, yet they are vulnerable to data imbalance between heavy workload and common one. This impairs the prediction accuracy of neural network-based models on heavy workload. Either the overall inaccuracy of statistic methods or the heavy-workload inaccuracy of neural-network-based models can cause service level agreement violations. Thus, we propose PePNet to improve overall especially heavy workload prediction accuracy. It has two distinctive characteristics: (i) A Periodicity-Perceived Mechanism to detect the existence of periodicity and the length of one period automatically, without any priori knowledge. Furthermore, it fuses periodic information adaptively, which is suitable for periodic, lax periodic and aperiodic time series. (ii) An Achilles' Heel Loss Function iteratively optimizing the most under-fitting part in predicting sequence for each step, which significantly improves the prediction accuracy of heavy load. Extensive experiments conducted on Alibaba2018, SMD dataset and Dinda's dataset demonstrate that PePNet improves MAPE for overall workload by 20.0 average, compared with state-of-the-art methods. Especially, PePNet improves MAPE for heavy workload by 23.9
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