Biomass-based single- and double-network hydrogels derived from cellulose microfiber and chitosan for potential application as plant growing substrate

CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS(2023)

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摘要
A series of hydrogels were synthesized from renewable and low-cost micro-sized cellulose fiber. The single-network hydrogel was composed of cellulose fiber and a small amount of another polysaccharide, chitosan, which 'glued' individual cellulose fiber pieces together through Schiff-base bonding. The double-network hydrogel was constructed by adding a secondary network, the covalently crosslinked polyacrylamide, into the single-network hydrogel, which was synthesized by conducting Schiff-base reaction and free radical polymeri-zation at the same time in a facile one-pot process. In both single-and double-network hydrogels, cellulose fiber constituted the dominant component. Both types of hydrogels exhibited good swelling properties. The double-network hydrogel showed much improved stability against soaking in water and higher salt tolerance. Germination experiment with choy sum seeds sowed on hydrogel surface showed that the seeds were able to germinate and further develop roots, shoots, and true leaves, demonstrating the potential of the biomass-derived hydrogels for soilless plant growing applications.
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关键词
Hydrogel,Cellulose fiber,Chitosan,Polyacrylamide,Double-network,Soilless plant cultivation
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