Approaching the mapping limit with closed-loop mapping strategy for deploying neural networks on neuromorphic hardware.

Song Wang, Qiushuang Yu, Tiantian Xie,Cheng Ma,Jing Pei

Frontiers in neuroscience(2023)

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Abstract
The decentralized manycore architecture is broadly adopted by neuromorphic chips for its high computing parallelism and memory locality. However, the fragmented memories and decentralized execution make it hard to deploy neural network models onto neuromorphic hardware with high resource utilization and processing efficiency. There are usually two stages during the model deployment: one is the logical mapping that partitions parameters and computations into small slices and allocate each slice into a single core with limited resources; the other is the physical mapping that places each logical core to a physical location in the chip. In this work, we propose the mapping limit concept for the first time that points out the resource saving upper limit in logical and physical mapping. Furthermore, we propose a closed-loop mapping strategy with an asynchronous 4D model partition for logical mapping and a Hamilton loop algorithm (HLA) for physical mapping. We implement the mapping methods on our state-of-the-art neuromorphic chip, TianjicX. Extensive experiments demonstrate the superior performance of our mapping methods, which can not only outperform existing methods but also approach the mapping limit. We believe the mapping limit concept and the closed-loop mapping strategy can help build a general and efficient mapping framework for neuromorphic hardware.
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Key words
neuromorphic chip,logical mapping,physical mapping,mapping limit,closed-loop mapping
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