Long-range transport of 2D excitons in dynamic acoustic lattice

Research Square (Research Square)(2021)

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Abstract Excitons are elementary optical excitation in semiconductors. The ability to manipulate and transport these quasiparticles would enable excitonic circuits and devices for quantum photonic technologies. Recently, interlayer excitons in 2D semiconductors have emerged as a promising candidate for engineering excitonic devices due to long lifetime, large exciton binding energy, and gate tunability. However, the charge-neutral nature of the excitons leads to a weak response to the in-plane electric field and thus inhibits transport beyond the diffusion length. Here, we demonstrate the directional transport of interlayer excitons in bilayer WSe2 driven by the dynamic potential lattice induced by surface acoustic waves (SAW). We show that at 100 K, the SAW-driven excitonic transport is activated above a threshold acoustic power and reaches a distance at least ten times longer than the diffusion length, only limited by the device size. Temperature-dependent measurement reveals the transition from the diffusion-limited regime at low temperature to an acoustic field-driven regime at elevated temperature. Our work shows that acoustic waves are an effective, contact-free means to control exciton dynamics and transport, promising for realizing 2D materials-based excitonic devices such as exciton transistors, switches, and transducers.
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Key words
dynamic acoustic lattice,2d excitons,long-range
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