Efficient Skip Connections Realization for Secure Inference on Encrypted Data

Cyber Security, Cryptology, and Machine Learning(2023)

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摘要
Homomorphic Encryption (HE) is a cryptographic tool that allows performing computation under encryption, which is used by many privacy-preserving machine learning solutions, for example, to perform secure classification. Modern deep learning applications yield good performance for example in image processing tasks benchmarks by including many skip connections. The latter appears to be very costly when attempting to execute model inference under HE. In this paper, we show that by replacing (mid-term) skip connections with (short-term) Dirac parameterization and (long-term) shared-source skip connection we were able to reduce the skip connections burden for HE-based solutions, achieving x1.3 computing power improvement for the same accuracy.
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关键词
shared-source skip connections, Dirac networks, Dirac parameterization, homomorphic encryption, privacy preserving machine learning, PPML, encrypted neural networks, deep neural networks
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