Joint Channel Estimation and Feedback with Masked Token Transformers in Massive MIMO Systems

Mingming Zhao,Lin Liu, Lifu Liu,Qi Tian大牛学者


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When the base station has downlink channel status information (CSI), the huge potential of large-scale multiple input multiple output (MIMO) in frequency division duplex (FDD) mode can be fully exploited. In this paper, we propose a deep-learning-based joint channel estimation and feedback framework to realize channel estimation and feedback in massive MIMO systems. Specifically, we use traditional channel design rather than end-to-end methods. Our model contains two networks. The first network is a channel estimation network, which adopts a double loss design, and can accurately estimate the full channel information while removing channel noises. The second network is a compression and feedback network. Inspired by the masked token transformer, we propose a learnable mask token method to obtain excellent estimation and compression performance. The extensive simulation results and ablation studies show that our method outperforms state-of-the-art channel estimation and feedback methods in both separate and joint tasks.
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