Impact of resampling interpolation FIR filter in the practical Kramers-Kronig receiver

OPTICS EXPRESS(2023)

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Abstract
The practical Kramers-Kronig (KK) receiver has been a competitive receiving tech-nique in the data-center, medium reach, and even long-haul metropolitan networks. Nevertheless, an extra digital resampling operation is required at both ends of the KK field reconstruction algorithm due to the spectrum broadening caused by adopting the nonlinear function. Generally, the digital resampling function can be implemented by using linear interpolation (LI-ITP), the Lagrange cubic interpolation (LC-ITP), the spline cubic interpolation (SC-ITP), time-domain anti-aliasing finite impulse response (FIR) filter method (TD-FRM) scheme, and fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based scheme. However, the performance and the computational complexity analysis of different resampling interpolation schemes in the KK receiver have not been thoroughly investigated yet. Different from the interpolation schemes of conventional coherent detection, the interpolation function of the KK system is followed by the nonlinear operation, which will broaden the spectrum significantly. Due to the frequency-domain transfer function of different interpolation schemes, the broadened spectrum will have a potential spectrum aliasing, which will cause serious inter-symbol interference (ISI) and further impair the KK phase retrieval performance. We experimentally investigate the performance of different interpolation schemes under different digital up-sampling rates (i.e. the computational complexity) as well as the cut-off frequency, the tap number of the anti-aliasing filter, and the shape factor of the TD-FRM scheme in a 112-Gbit/s SSB DD 16-QAM system over 1920-km Raman amplification (RFA)-based standard single-mode fiber (SSMF). The experimental results involve that the TD-FRM scheme outperforms other interpolation schemes and the complexity is reduced by at least 49.6%. In fiber transmission results, take 20% soft decision-forward error correction (SD-FEC) of 2x10-2 as the threshold, the LI-ITP and LC-ITP schemes only reach 720-km while others can reach up to 1440-km.(c) 2023 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement
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Key words
interpolation fir filter,kramers-kronig
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