UAV-Based P-Band SAR Tomography With Long Baseline: A Multimaster Approach.

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote. Sens.(2023)

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Due to the advantage of flexible and rapid deployment, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-based synthetic aperture radar (SAR) tomography (TomoSAR) is a promising technology in 3-D urban mapping. The long baseline is indispensable for P-band SAR systems to achieve high elevation resolution. It will introduce two problems. On the one hand, the unavoidable spatial decorrelation brings serious phase noise and sidelobes in 3-D imaging. On the other hand, the noticeable image distortion fails the image registration and the TomoSAR data stack (TDS) construction. Aiming at the above problems, this article proposes a multimaster (MM) TomoSAR approach via three main contributions. First, the traditional TomoSAR signal model is extended to the MM case to improve the number of baselines and the average image coherence of the TDS and suppress the sidelobes. Second, a short-baseline-recursion image registration method is proposed to achieve high-precision image registration. Third, a TDS optimization processing consisting of interferometric SAR (InSAR) phase screening and baseline sign reassignment is introduced. Moreover, a clustering-based outliers' elimination method is also adopted to ensure the 3-D imaging quality. Computer simulation and long-baseline P-band UAV-SAR experiment validate the proposed approach.
Atmospheric modeling, Synthetic aperture radar, Spaceborne radar, Autonomous aerial vehicles, Three-dimensional displays, Coherence, Decorrelation, Long baseline, multimaster (MM), P-band, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) tomography (TomoSAR), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
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