Chemical freeze-out parameters via functional renormalization group approach

Jun-xiang Shao, Wei-jie Shao,Yu-xin Liu

arXiv (Cornell University)(2023)

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We study the freeze-out parameters in a QCD-assisted effective theory that accurately captures the quantum and in-medium effects of QCD at low energies. Functional renormalization group approach is implemented in our work to incorporate the non-perturbative quantum, thermal and density fluctuations. By analyzing the calculated baryon number susceptibility ratios $\chi_{2}^{B}/\chi_{1}^{B}$ and $\chi_{3}^{B}/\chi_{2}^{B}$, we determine the chemical freeze-out temperatures and baryon chemical potentials in cases of hard thermal or dense loop improved $\mu$-dependent glue potential and $\mu$-independent glue potential. We calculate the ${\chi_{4}^{B}}/{\chi_{2}^{B}}\, (\kappa \sigma^{2})$ and ${\chi_{6}^{B}}/{\chi_{2}^{B}}$ along the freeze-out line for both cases. It's found that $\kappa \sigma^{2}$ exhibits a nonmonotonic behavior in low collision energy region and approach to one for lower collision energy. ${\chi_{6}^{B}}/{\chi_{2}^{B}}$ shows a similar complicated behavior in our calculation.
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functional renormalization group
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