Decision-based iterative fragile watermarking for model integrity verification

Zhaoxia Yin, Heng Yin,Hang Su,Xinpeng Zhang, Zhenzhe Gao


引用 0|浏览77
Typically, foundation models are hosted on cloud servers to meet the high demand for their services. However, this exposes them to security risks, as attackers can modify them after uploading to the cloud or transferring from a local system. To address this issue, we propose an iterative decision-based fragile watermarking algorithm that transforms normal training samples into fragile samples that are sensitive to model changes. We then compare the output of sensitive samples from the original model to that of the compromised model during validation to assess the model's completeness.The proposed fragile watermarking algorithm is an optimization problem that aims to minimize the variance of the predicted probability distribution outputed by the target model when fed with the converted sample.We convert normal samples to fragile samples through multiple iterations. Our method has some advantages: (1) the iterative update of samples is done in a decision-based black-box manner, relying solely on the predicted probability distribution of the target model, which reduces the risk of exposure to adversarial attacks, (2) the small-amplitude multiple iterations approach allows the fragile samples to perform well visually, with a PSNR of 55 dB in TinyImageNet compared to the original samples, (3) even with changes in the overall parameters of the model of magnitude 1e-4, the fragile samples can detect such changes, and (4) the method is independent of the specific model structure and dataset. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method on multiple models and datasets, and show that it outperforms the current state-of-the-art.
AI 理解论文