Sand Rubber Mixtures under Oedometric Loading: Sand-like vs. Rubber-like Behavior

APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL(2023)

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Abstract
Each year, the number of scrap tires disposed of in huge piles across the world continuously increases. Consequently, new recycling solutions for these materials have to be proposed. Among them, one possibility consists of shredding tires and mixing the obtained tire chips with sand, which can be used as alternative soils in various geotechnical applications, such as backfilling for retaining structures, slope and highway embankment stabilization, road constructions, soil erosion prevention, and seismic isolation of foundations. Such types of mixtures are highly heterogeneous due to the important difference in elasticity and deformability between the two constituents, which leads to complex mechanical behavior. In this article, the one-dimensional loading/unloading behavior of sand-rubber mixtures is investigated by laboratory strain-controlled experiments performed for different packing densities, particle sizes, rubber contents, and sand/rubber size ratios. After a global analysis of the increase of the packing deformation with the rubber fraction and the stress level, a novel criterion to classify the behavior of the mixture as sand-like or rubber-like was proposed, based on the concavity of the void ratio-log of vertical stress curve. The concavity increased with the stress level and the rubber fraction, up to the limits where the saturation of the voids due to their filling with rubber induces a rubber-like behavior. A simplified phase diagram, limited to the range of this study, is proposed. The one-dimensional confined stiffness and the swelling behavior were also analyzed.
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Key words
sand rubber mixtures,oedometric loading,sand-like,rubber-like
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