Comparison of changes in visual fatigue and ocular surface after 3D and 2D viewing with augmented reality glasses


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The extensive use of electronic devices commonly results in visual discomfort, particularly in stereoscopic display. Augmented Reality (AR) is a mixed technology that superimposes three-dimensional (3D) digital data onto an image of reality. Even though the visual health evaluation of 3D contents has been widely concerned, the difference between 3D and two-dimensional (2D) viewing using AR display was rarely studied. We aimed to compare the changes in visual fatigue and ocular surface parameters after 3D and 2D viewing with optical waveguide AR glasses for one hour (1hr). In the experiment, thirty young healthy participants watched the same film in 2D and 3D mode separately using AR glasses with one week interval. Subjective visual fatigue questionnaire and ocular examinations were evaluated at 3 time points: pre-watching, post -2D and post-3D visual task for 1hr. Lipid layer thickness (LLT) and total blink (TB) were evaluated with the LipiView interferometer. Tear meniscus height (TMH) and noninvasive tear breakup time (NIBUT) were measured using Keratograph 5M. The effect of viewing 2D and 3D videos for 1hr with AR glasses suggested slight visual discomfort except the symptom of pain and dullness. The lipid layer thickness and total blink showed increasing trends in both post-visual task but more obvious after 2D viewing. Blinking patterns and tear film stability are meaningful for video display terminal users in visual health education. Ocular parameters are needed to be considered in the design and usage of future AR applications.
Augmented reality,Three-dimensional viewing,Visual fatigue,Tear film layer,Blinking patterns
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