Hierarchical Visual Localization Based on Sparse Feature Pyramid for Adaptive Reduction of Keypoint Map Size

Andrei Potapov,Mikhail Kurenkov,Pavel Karpyshev, Evgeny Yudin, Alena Savinykh, Evgeny Kruzhkov,Dzmitry Tsetserukou


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Visual localization is a fundamental task for a wide range of applications in the field of robotics. Yet, it is still a complex problem with no universal solution, and the existing approaches are difficult to scale: most state-of-the-art solutions are unable to provide accurate localization without a significant amount of storage space. We propose a hierarchical, low-memory approach to localization based on keypoints with different descriptor lengths. It becomes possible with the use of the developed unsupervised neural network, which predicts a feature pyramid with different descriptor lengths for images. This structure allows applying coarse-to-fine paradigms for localization based on keypoint map, and varying the accuracy of localization by changing the type of the descriptors used in the pipeline. Our approach achieves comparable results in localization accuracy and a significant reduction in memory consumption (up to 16 times) among state-of-the-art methods.
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