Boosting Photo-Electro-Fenton Process Via Atomically Dispersed Iron Sites on Graphdiyne for InVitro Hydrogen Peroxide Detection.

Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)(2023)

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Hydrogen peroxide (H O ) is essential in oxidative stress and signal regulation of organs of animal body. Realizing in vitro quantification of H O released from organs is significant, but faces challenges due to short lifetime of H O and complex bio-environment. Herein, rationally designed and constructed a photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor for in vitro sensing of H O , in which atomically dispersed iron active sites (Hemin) modified graphdiyne (Fe-GDY) serves as photoelectrode and catalyzes photo-electro-Fenton process. Sensitivity of Fe-GDY electrode is enhanced 8 times under illumination compared with dark condition. The PEC H O sensor under illumination delivers a wide linear range from 0.1 to 48 160 µm and a low detection limit of 33 nm, while demonstrating excellent selectivity and stability. The high performance of Fe-GDY is attributed to, first, energy levels matching of GDY and Hemin that effectively promotes the injection of photo-generated electrons from GDY to Fe for reduced Fe , which facilitates the Fe /Fe cycle. Second, the Fe actively catalyzes H O to OH through the Fenton process, thereby improving the sensitivity. The PEC sensor demonstrates in vitro quantification of H O released from different organs, providing a promising approach for molecular sensing and disease diagnosis in organ levels.
atomically dispersed Fe active sites,in vitro molecular sensing,organ-released H 2O 2,photo-electro-Fenton process,photoelectrochemical sensors
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