Global Aligned Structured Sparsity Learning for Efficient Image Super-Resolution.

IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence(2023)

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摘要
Efficient image super-resolution (SR) has witnessed rapid progress thanks to novel lightweight architectures or model compression techniques (e.g., neural architecture search and knowledge distillation). Nevertheless, these methods consume considerable resources or/and neglect to squeeze out the network redundancy at a more fine-grained convolution filter level. Network pruning is a promising alternative to overcome these shortcomings. However, structured pruning is known to be tricky when applied to SR networks because the extensive residual blocks demand the pruned indices of different layers to be the same. Besides, the principled determination of proper layerwise sparsities remains challenging too. In this paper, we present Global Aligned Structured Sparsity Learning (GASSL) to resolve these problems. GASSL has two major components: Hessian-Aided Regularization (HAIR) and Aligned Structured Sparsity Learning (ASSL). HAIR is a regularization-based sparsity auto-selection algorithm with Hessian considered implicitly. A proven proposition is introduced to justify its design. ASSL is for physically pruning SR networks. Particularly, a new penalty term Sparsity Structure Alignment (SSA) is proposed to align the pruned indices of different layers. With GASSL, we design two new efficient single image SR networks of different architecture genres, pushing the efficiency envelope of SR models one step forward. Extensive results demonstrate the merits of GASSL over other recent counterparts.
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关键词
Hessian-aided regularization, neural network pruning, single image super-resolution, structured sparsity
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