E-Forcing: Improving Autoregressive Models by Treating it as an Energy-Based One

ICLR 2023(2023)

引用 0|浏览70
Autoregressive generative models are commonly used to solve tasks involving sequential data. They have, however, been plagued by a slew of inherent flaws due to the intrinsic characteristics of chain-style conditional modeling (e.g., exposure bias or lack of long-range coherence), severely limiting their ability to model distributions properly. In this paper, we propose a unique method termed E-Forcing for training autoregressive generative models that takes advantage of a well-designed energy-based learning objective. By leveraging the extra degree of freedom of the softmax operation, we are allowed to make the autoregressive model itself an energy-based model for measuring the likelihood of input without introducing any extra parameters. Furthermore, we show that with the help of E-Forcing, we can alleviate the above flaws for autoregressive models. Extensive empirical results, covering numerous benchmarks demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
autoregressive models,exposure bias,language modeling,neural machine translation
AI 理解论文