Unsupervised 3D Scene Representation Learning via Movable Object Inference

ICLR 2023(2023)

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Unsupervised, category-agnostic, object-centric 3D representation learning for complex scenes remains an open problem in computer vision. While a few recent methods can now discover 3D object radiance fields from a single image without supervision, they are limited to simplistic scenes with objects of a single category, often with a uniform color. This is because they discover objects purely based on appearance cues—objects are made of pixels that look alike. In this work, we propose Movable Object Radiance Fields (MORF), aiming at scaling to complex scenes with diverse categories of objects. Inspired by cognitive science of object learning in babies, MORF learns 3D object representations via movable object inference. During training, MORF first obtains 2D masks of movable objects via a self-supervised movable object segmentation method; it then bridges the gap to 3D object representations via conditional neural rendering in multiple views. During testing, MORF can discover, reconstruct, and move unseen objects from novel categories, all from a single image. Experiments show that MORF extracts accurate object geometry and supports realistic object and scene reconstruction and editing, significantly outperforming the state-of-the-art.
3D representation learning,self-supervised learning,object-discovery,neural rendering
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