Analysis on the mechanism of the enforced imbibition effect of tight oil reservoir by the activated water

Haibo LI, Zhengming YANG,Tiyao ZHOU, Hai jian LI, Wei LIU,Hekun GUO,Yixin DAI,Yutian LUO,Yapu ZHANG

ENERGY REPORTS(2023)

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Abstract
Based on the parallel rock samples of tight oil reservoirs, the imbibition comparison experiments respecting to formation water and active water under different experimental conditions have been initiated. With adoption of the experimental measures i.e. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), the micro-production mechanism of the enforcement of the imbibition oil recovery effect by the active agent has been analyzed. Surfactant may promote the imbibition effect of samples with different wettability, different water saturation and different sizes. The imbibition recovery ratios of No. 1 hydrophilic core in formation water and active water are respective 15.79% and 17.68%, and the active water imbibition increased by 1.88%, with an enforcement ratio of 11.97%. The imbibition recovery ratios of No. 3 lipophilic core in formation water and active water are respective 10.64% and 13.26%, and the active water imbibition increased by 2.62%, with an enforcement ratio of​ 24.62%. The enforcement effect of surfactant on the lipophilic core is higher than that on the hydrophilic core. The enforcement ratio of No. 1 core in macropores is 8.78%, and that of No. 3 rock is 36.14%, indicating that the surfactant can effectively reduce the seepage resistance of the lipophilic cores and enhance the imbibition recovery ratio of macropores. The increase magnitude and the enforcement ratio of the imbibition recovery of No. 4 low water-contained core are lower than those of No. 6 high water-contained core, indicating that the surfactant has a greater impact on the imbibition of high water-contained cores. The enforcement ratio in active water imbibition in core No. 4 is 28.59% in micropores and 15.46% in macropores; and respective 1460.74% and 9.56% for No. 6 core. The enforcement ratios of micropores in the two cores are both higher than those in macropores. It shows that the surfactant has a great influence on the permeability of micropores in the core. The increment magnitude in active water imbibition of small No. 2 core is 22%, and that of No. 2 large core is 26.93%, indicating that the surfactant has a greater impact on the imbibition of large cores.
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Key words
Tight oil,Imbibition,Active water,Nuclear Magnetic Resonance,Wettability,Water saturation,Core size
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