Silk-Inorganic Nanoparticle Hybrid Hydrogel as an Injectable Bone Repairing Biomaterial.

Journal of functional biomaterials(2023)

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Silk fibroin is regarded as a promising biomaterial in various areas, including bone tissue regeneration. Herein, Laponite® (LAP), which can promote osteogenic differentiation, was introduced into regenerated silk fibroin (RSF) to prepare an RSF/LAP hybrid hydrogel. This thixotropic hydrogel is injectable during the operation process, which is favorable for repairing bone defects. Our previous work demonstrated that the RSF/LAP hydrogel greatly promoted the osteogenic differentiation of osteoblasts in vitro. In the present study, the RSF/LAP hydrogel was found to have excellent biocompatibility and significantly improved new bone formation in a standard rat calvarial defect model in vivo. Additionally, the underlying biological mechanism of the RSF/LAP hydrogel in promoting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) was extensively explored. The results indicate that the RSF/LAP hydrogels provide suitable conditions for the adhesion and proliferation of BMSCs, showing good biocompatibility in vitro. With the increase in LAP content, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mRNA and protein expression of the osteogenic markers of BMSCs improved significantly. Protein kinase B (AKT) pathway activation was found to be responsible for the inherent osteogenic properties of the RSF/LAP hybrid hydrogel. Therefore, the results shown in this study firmly suggest such an injectable RSF/LAP hydrogel with good biocompatibility (both in vitro and in vivo) would have good application prospects in the field of bone regeneration.
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Key words
bone regeneration,injectable hydrogel,nanoparticles,osteogenesis,silk fibroin
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