Properties of bacterial cellulose acetate nanocomposite with TiO 2 nanoparticle and graphene reinforcement.
International journal of biological macromolecules（2023）
Agricultural waste is considered a promising source for bacterial cellulose production. This study aims to observe the influence of TiO nanoparticles and graphene on the characteristic of bacterial cellulose acetate-based nanocomposite membranes for bacterial filtration in waters. Bacterial cellulose was produced from the pineapple peel waste using fermentation process. High-pressure homogenization process was applied to reduce bacterial nanocellulose size and esterification process was carried out to produce cellulose acetate. Nanocomposite membranes were synthesized with reinforcement of TiO nanoparticles 1 % and graphene nanopowder 1 %. The nanocomposite membrane was characterized using an FTIR, SEM, XRD, BET, tensile testing, and bacterial filtration effectiveness using the plate count method. The results showed that the main cellulose structure was identified at the diffraction angle 22° and the cellulose structure slightly changed at the peak of diffraction angles of 14° and 16°. In addition, the crystallinity of bacterial cellulose increased from 72.5 % to 75.9 %, and the functional group analysis showed that several peak shifts indicated a change in the functional group of membrane. Similarly, the surface morphology of membrane became rougher with the structure of mesoporous membrane. Moreover, adding TiO and graphene increases crystallinity and bacterial filtration effectiveness of nanocomposite membrane.更多