Inversion of Wave Parameters From Time-Doppler Spectrum Using Shore-Based Coherent S-Band Radar

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing(2023)

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Abstract
For coherent microwave radar, the Bragg scattering from the broken-short waves generated after wave breaking usually introduces extra low-frequency components in the estimated wave height spectrum and, thus, leads to inaccurate retrievals of wave parameters, especially the overestimation of wave period. In order to eliminate the impacts of wave breaking, some methods based on the removal of “group line” in the spatial–temporal domain are proposed to estimate wave parameters. However, these methods are not suitable for the case that the spatial–temporal data are not available. To address this problem, a method is proposed to invert wave parameters only from the time-Doppler spectrum. Temporal velocity series are derived from the time-Doppler spectrum in which breaking components are removed. Then, the wave height spectrum from which wave parameters can be obtained is estimated from the velocity series by the direct transform relationship based on the linear wave theory. Without spatial–temporal data, the “group line” can be removed using the proposed method, and the method is validated by simulation. In addition, an approximately 11-day dataset collected with a shore-based coherent S-band radar deployed along the coast of Zhejiang province in China is reanalyzed and used to retrieve significant wave height and mean wave period. Compared with the buoy-measured data, the significant wave heights and mean wave periods retrieved by the proposed method have the root-mean-square differences (RMSDs) of 0.25 m and 0.60 s, respectively, and also have the correlation coefficients (CCs) of 0.94 and 0.81, respectively. The results indicate that the proposed method can invert wave parameters from the time-Doppler spectrum with a reasonable performance.
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Key words
Broken-short waves,shore-based coherent S-band radar,time-Doppler spectrum,wave measurements
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