Provably Efficient Offline Goal-Conditioned Reinforcement Learning with General Function Approximation and Single-Policy Concentrability


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Goal-conditioned reinforcement learning (GCRL) refers to learning general-purpose skills which aim to reach diverse goals. In particular, offline GCRL only requires purely pre-collected datasets to perform training tasks without additional interactions with the environment. Although offline GCRL has become increasingly prevalent and many previous works have demonstrated its empirical success, the theoretical understanding of efficient offline GCRL algorithms is not well established, especially when the state space is huge and the offline dataset only covers the policy we aim to learn. In this paper, we propose a novel provably efficient algorithm (the sample complexity is $\tilde{O}({\rm poly}(1/\epsilon))$ where $\epsilon$ is the desired suboptimality of the learned policy) with general function approximation. Our algorithm only requires nearly minimal assumptions of the dataset (single-policy concentrability) and the function class (realizability). Moreover, our algorithm consists of two uninterleaved optimization steps, which we refer to as $V$-learning and policy learning, and is computationally stable since it does not involve minimax optimization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first algorithm with general function approximation and single-policy concentrability that is both statistically efficient and computationally stable.
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