Semantics-enhanced Temporal Graph Networks for Content Popularity Prediction


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The surging demand for high-definition video streaming services and large neural network models (e.g., Generative Pre-trained Transformer, GPT) implies a tremendous explosion of Internet traffic. To mitigate the traffic pressure, architectures with in-network storage have been proposed to cache popular contents at devices in closer proximity to users. Correspondingly, in order to maximize caching utilization, it becomes essential to devise an effective popularity prediction method. In that regard, predicting popularity with dynamic graph neural network (DGNN) models achieve remarkable performance. However, DGNN models still suffer from tackling sparse datasets where most users are inactive. Therefore, we propose a reformative temporal graph network, named semantics-enhanced temporal graph network (STGN), which attaches extra semantic information into the user-content bipartite graph and could better leverage implicit relationships behind the superficial topology structure. On top of that, we customize its temporal and structural learning modules to further boost the prediction performance. Specifically, in order to efficiently aggregate the diversified semantics that a content might possess, we design a user-specific attention (UsAttn) mechanism for temporal learning module. Unlike the attention mechanism that only analyzes the influence of genres on content, UsAttn also considers the attraction of semantic information to a specific user. Meanwhile, as for the structural learning, we introduce the concept of positional encoding into our attention-based graph learning and adopt a semantic positional encoding (SPE) function to facilitate the analysis of content-oriented user-association analysis. Finally, extensive simulations verify the superiority of our STGN models and demonstrate the effectiveness in content caching.
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