Robust Chauvenet Rejection: Powerful, but Easy to Use Outlier Detection for Heavily Contaminated Data Sets

Nicholas Konz, Daniel E. Reichart

arxiv(2023)

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摘要
In Maples et al. (2018) we introduced Robust Chauvenet Outlier Rejection, or RCR, a novel outlier rejection technique that evolves Chauvenet's Criterion by sequentially applying different measures of central tendency and empirically determining the rejective sigma value. RCR is especially powerful for cleaning heavily-contaminated samples, and unlike other methods such as sigma clipping, it manages to be both accurate and precise when characterizing the underlying uncontaminated distributions of data sets, by using decreasingly robust but increasingly precise statistics in sequence. For this work, we present RCR from a software standpoint, newly implemented as a Python package while maintaining the speed of the C++ original. RCR has been well-tested, calibrated and simulated, and it can be used for both one-dimensional outlier rejection and $n$-dimensional model-fitting, with or without weighted data. RCR is free to use for academic and non-commercial purposes, and the code, documentation and accompanying web calculator can be found and easily used online at https://github.com/nickk124/RCR
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关键词
outlier detection,robust chauvenet rejection,data
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