Cascaded transformer U-net for image restoration

Signal Processing(2023)

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摘要
Image restoration is one of the most important computer vision tasks, aiming at recovering high-quality images from degraded or low-quality observations. The restoration methods based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have achieved attractive performance, however, as convolutions only intake local information, CNN-based methods have limitations in modeling objects in long ranges and extracting global information. In addition, existing one-stage methods damage the performance due to lacking diversified receptive fields. In this paper, we propose a multi-stage cascaded transformer architecture for image restoration. Firstly, the Swin transformer based encoder relying on self-attention is used to improve the modeling ability for long-range objects and outputs hierarchical multi-level semantic features. Then, a shape perceiving module is designed and embedded in the decoder to enhance the representation of irregular objects, Moreover, a multi-stage cascaded encoder-decoder architecture possessing diversified receptive fields is proposed to progressively obtain fine restoration results and thus boost the performance. We conduct extensive experiments, including image deraining, underwater image enhancement, near infrared image colorization and low-light image enhancement. The results show that our proposed method can achieve comparable or better performance than state-of-the-art methods while with less training and inference costs. (c) 2022 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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关键词
Image deraining,Underwater image enhancement,Near infrared image colorization,Encoder-decoder structure,Long -range dependence modeling
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