Variational Bayesian implicit unscented Kalman filter for celestial navigation using time delay measurement

Advances in Space Research(2023)

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Abstract
Sunlight arrival time delay is an innovative measurement for celestial navigation, which provides the distance information between the spacecraft and the nearby celestial body. For deep space detectors, the time delay measurement noise is time-varying, and its statistics cannot be accurately determined. The too-large deviation between the measured noise covariance matrix (R) and the noise statistics seriously reduces navigation accuracy. A variational Bayesian implicit unscented Kalman filter (VBIUKF) method is proposed and applied to celestial navigation using time delay measurement in this paper. VBIUKF adaptively estimates R using the innovation sequence and the predicted measurement covariance matrix to make R closest to the measurement noise statistics. Simulation results indicate that VBIUKF can obtain high accuracy navigation results under time-varying measurement noise.
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Key words
Celestial navigation,Autonomous navigation,Variational Bayes,Implicit unscented Kalman filter,Adaptive filter
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