Remote referencing strategy for high-resolution coded ptychographic imaging.

Optics letters(2023)

Cited 2|Views19
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Abstract
The applications of conventional ptychography are limited by its relatively low resolution and throughput in the visible light regime. The new development of coded ptychography (CP) has addressed these issues and achieved the highest numerical aperture for large-area optical imaging in a lensless configuration. A high-quality reconstruction of CP relies on precise tracking of the coded sensor's positional shifts. The coded layer on the sensor, however, prevents the use of cross correlation analysis for motion tracking. Here we derive and analyze the motion tracking model of CP. A novel, to the best of our knowledge, remote referencing scheme and its subsequent refinement pipeline are developed for blind image acquisition. By using this approach, we can suppress the correlation peak caused by the coded surface and recover the positional shifts with deep sub-pixel accuracy. In contrast with common positional refinement methods, the reported approach can be disentangled from the iterative phase retrieval process and is computationally efficient. It allows blind image acquisition without motion feedback from the scanning process. It also provides a robust and reliable solution for implementing ptychography with high imaging throughput. We validate this approach by performing high-resolution whole slide imaging of bio-specimens.
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Key words
ptychographic imaging,remote referencing strategy,high-resolution
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