Spatial Deep Deconvolution U-Net for Traffic Analyses With Distributed Acoustic Sensing

Siyuan Yuan,Martijn van den Ende, Jingxiao Liu, Hae Young Noh,Robert Clapp, Cedric Richard,Biondo Biondi

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS(2024)

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摘要
Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) that transforms city-wide fiber-optic cables into a large-scale strain sensing array has shown the potential to revolutionize urban traffic monitoring by providing a fine-grained, scalable, and low-maintenance monitoring solution. However, the real-world application of DAS is hindered by challenges such as noise contamination and interference among closely traveling cars. In response, we introduce a self-supervised U-Net model that can suppress background noise and compress car-induced DAS signals into high-resolution pulses through spatial deconvolution. Our work extends recent research by introducing three key advancements. Firstly, we perform a comprehensive resolution analysis of DAS-recorded traffic signals, laying a theoretical foundation for our approach. Secondly, we incorporate space-domain vehicle wavelets into our U-Net model, enabling consistent high-resolution outputs regardless of vehicle speed variations. Finally, we employ L-2 norm regularization in the loss function, enhancing our model's sensitivity to weaker signals from vehicles in remote traffic lanes. We evaluate the effectiveness and robustness of our method through field recordings under different traffic conditions and various driving speeds. Our results show that our method can enhance the spatial-temporal resolution and better resolve closely traveling cars. The spatial deconvolution U-Net model also enables the characterization of large-size vehicles to identify axle numbers and estimate the vehicle length. Monitoring large-size vehicles also benefits imaging deep earth by leveraging the surface waves induced by the dynamic vehicle-road interaction.
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关键词
Time-domain analysis,Traffic monitoring,intelligent transportation,distributed acoustic sensing,deconvolution,U-Net
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