First Demonstration of Single-Pass Distributed SAR Tomographic Imaging With a P-Band UAV SAR Prototype

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING(2022)

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摘要
A distributed configuration is a promising realization of tomographic synthetic aperture radar (TomoSAR) 3-D imaging. It is able to implement single-pass tomographic imaging in a very short time and, hence, outperforms the traditional time-consuming multipass TomoSAR. It also outperforms the traditional single-platform TomoSAR by achieving a higher resolution in elevation by forming a much larger spatial baseline. However, there has been little research reported on the distributed TomoSAR so far. In this article, we, for the first time, experimentally demonstrate the great potential of the single-pass distributed TomoSAR 3-D imaging. The main contributions are threefold. First, a new distributed TomoSAR 3-D imaging model is built, characterized by using both inner monostatic and bistatic spatial configurations. Second, a new multistatic synchronization scheme is developed for accurately correcting both multistatic time and phase synchronization errors. Finally, a P-band distributed unmanned-aerial-vehicle (UAV) TomoSAR prototype with four separate stations is built with an elaborately designed time-division waveform for full data acquisition. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first distributed TomoSAR system. We have also implemented the first single-pass TomoSAR 3-D imaging experiment and successfully achieved a meter-level 3-D image in Pinggu, Beijing, China.
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关键词
Distributed SAR tomography,multistatic imaging model,multistatic synchronization,P-band unmanned-aerial-vehicle (UAV) tomographic synthetic aperture radar (TomoSAR) prototype
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