Efficacy of short pulse and conventional deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Neurological Sciences(2022)

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Abstract
Background Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a common treatment for Parkinson’s disease. However, the clinical efficacy of short pulse width DBS (spDBS) compared with conventional DBS (cDBS) is still unknown. Objective This meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of spDBS versus cDBS in patients with PD. Methods Four databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Embase) were independently searched until October 2021 by two reviewers. We utilized the following scales and items: therapeutic windows (TW), efficacy threshold, side effect threshold, Movement Disorder Society–Sponsored Revision Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) part III off-medication score, Speech Intelligence Test (SIT), and Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOG-Q). Results The analysis included seven studies with a total of 87 patients. The results indicated that spDBS significantly widened the therapeutic windows (0.99, 95% CI = 0.61 to 1.38) while increasing the threshold amplitudes of side effects (2.25, 95% CI = 1.69 to 2.81) and threshold amplitudes of effects (1.60, 95% CI = 0.84 to 2.36). There was no statistically significant difference in UPDRS part III, SIT, and FOG-Q scores between spDBS and cDBS groups, suggesting that treatment with both cDBS and spDBS may result in similar effects of improved dysarthria and gait disorders. Conclusions Compared with cDBS, spDBS is effective in expanding TW. Both types of deep brain stimulation resulted in improved gait disorders and speech intelligibility.
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Key words
Parkinson’s disease,Deep brain stimulation,Short pulse width,Stimulation parameters,Subthalamic nucleus,Meta-analysis
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