Predicting Drug-Target Interactions Over Heterogeneous Information Network

IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics(2023)

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摘要
Identifying Drug-Target Interactions (DTIs) is a critical step in studying pathogenesis and drug development. Due to the fact that conventional experimental methods usually suffer from high costs and low efficiency, various computational methods have been proposed to detect potential DTIs by extracting features from the biological information of drugs and their target proteins. Though effective, most of them fall short of considering the topological structure of the DTI network, which provides a global view to discover novel DTIs. In this paper, a network-based computational method, namely LG-DTI, is proposed to accurately predict DTIs over a heterogeneous information network. For drugs and target proteins, LG-DTI first learns not only their local representations from drug molecular structures and protein sequences, but also their global representations by using a semi-supervised heterogeneous network embedding method. These two kinds of representations consist of the final representations of drugs and target proteins, which are then incorporated into a Random Forest classifier to complete the task of DTI prediction. The performance of LG-DTI has been evaluated on two independent datasets and also compared with several state-of-the-art methods. Experimental results show the superior performance of LG-DTI. Moreover, our case study indicates that LG-DTI can be a valuable tool for identifying novel DTIs.
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关键词
Drug-Target interaction,DTI prediction,heterogeneous network embedding,semi-supervised learning
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