Parameter-efficient transfer learning of pre-trained Transformer models for speaker verification using adapters

ICASSP(2022)

Cited 2|Views32
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Abstract
Recently, the pre-trained Transformer models have received a rising interest in the field of speech processing thanks to their great success in various downstream tasks. However, most fine-tuning approaches update all the parameters of the pre-trained model, which becomes prohibitive as the model size grows and sometimes results in overfitting on small datasets. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive analysis of applying parameter-efficient transfer learning (PETL) methods to reduce the required learnable parameters for adapting to speaker verification tasks. Specifically, during the fine-tuning process, the pre-trained models are frozen, and only lightweight modules inserted in each Transformer block are trainable (a method known as adapters). Moreover, to boost the performance in a cross-language low-resource scenario, the Transformer model is further tuned on a large intermediate dataset before directly fine-tuning it on a small dataset. With updating fewer than 4% of parameters, (our proposed) PETL-based methods achieve comparable performances with full fine-tuning methods (Vox1-O: 0.55%, Vox1-E: 0.82%, Vox1-H:1.73%).
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Key words
Speaker verification,pre-trained model,adapter,fine-tuning,transfer learning
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