Multiscale Normalization Attention Network for Water Body Extraction from Remote Sensing Imagery

REMOTE SENSING(2022)

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Abstract
Extracting water bodies is an important task in remote sensing imagery (RSI) interpretation. Deep convolution neural networks (DCNNs) show great potential in feature learning; they are widely used in the water body interpretation of RSI. However, the accuracy of DCNNs is still unsatisfactory due to differences in the many hetero-features of water bodies, such as spectrum, geometry, and spatial size. To address the problem mentioned above, this paper proposes a multiscale normalization attention network (MSNANet) which can accurately extract water bodies in complicated scenarios. First of all, a multiscale normalization attention (MSNA) module was designed to merge multiscale water body features and highlight feature representation. Then, an optimized atrous spatial pyramid pooling (OASPP) module was developed to refine the representation by leveraging context information, which improves segmentation performance. Furthermore, a head module (FEH) for feature enhancing was devised to realize high-level feature enhancement and reduce training time. The extensive experiments were carried out on two benchmarks: the Surface Water dataset and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Lake dataset. The results indicate that the proposed model outperforms current mainstream models on OA (overall accuracy), f1-score, kappa, and MIoU (mean intersection over union). Moreover, the effectiveness of the proposed modules was proven to be favorable through ablation study.
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Key words
remote sensing imagery,water body extraction,multiscale normalization attention,multiscale feature,accuracy
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