Tuning the many-body interactions in a helical Luttinger liquid

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS(2022)

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摘要
In one-dimensional (1D) systems, electronic interactions lead to a breakdown of Fermi liquid theory and the formation of a Tomonaga-Luttinger Liquid (TLL). The strength of its many-body correlations can be quantified by a single dimensionless parameter, the Luttinger parameter K , characterising the competition between the electrons’ kinetic and electrostatic energies. Recently, signatures of a TLL have been reported for the topological edge states of quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators, strictly 1D electronic structures with linear (Dirac) dispersion and spin-momentum locking. Here we show that the many-body interactions in such helical Luttinger Liquid can be effectively controlled by the edge state’s dielectric environment. This is reflected in a tunability of the Luttinger parameter K , distinct on different edges of the crystal, and extracted to high accuracy from the statistics of tunnelling spectra at tens of tunnelling points. The interplay of topology and many-body correlations in 1D helical systems has been suggested as a potential avenue towards realising non-Abelian parafermions.
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关键词
helical luttinger liquid,many-body
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