Simple and Effective Gradient-Based Tuning of Sequence-to-Sequence Models

arxiv(2022)

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摘要
Recent trends towards training ever-larger language models have substantially improved machine learning performance across linguistic tasks. However, the huge cost of training larger models can make tuning them prohibitively expensive, motivating the study of more efficient methods. Gradient-based hyper-parameter optimization offers the capacity to tune hyper-parameters during training, yet has not previously been studied in a sequence-to-sequence setting. We apply a simple and general gradient-based hyperparameter optimization method to sequence-to-sequence tasks for the first time, demonstrating both efficiency and performance gains over strong baselines for both Neural Machine Translation and Natural Language Understanding (NLU) tasks (via T5 pretraining). For translation, we show the method generalizes across language pairs, is more efficient than Bayesian hyper-parameter optimization, and that learned schedules for some hyper-parameters can out-perform even optimal constant-valued tuning. For T5, we show that learning hyper-parameters during pretraining can improve performance across downstream NLU tasks. When learning multiple hyper-parameters concurrently, we show that the global learning rate can follow a schedule over training that improves performance and is not explainable by the `short-horizon bias' of greedy methods \citep{wu2018}. We release the code used to facilitate further research.
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关键词
models,tuning,gradient-based,sequence-to-sequence
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