Nanoscale Control of DNA-Linked MoS 2 -Quantum Dot Heterostructures.

Bioconjugate chemistry(2023)

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The ability to control the assembly of mixed-dimensional heterostructures with nanoscale control is key for the fabrication of novel nanohybrid systems with new functionalities, particularly for optoelectronics applications. Herein we report a strategy to control the assembly of heterostructures and tune their electronic coupling employing DNA as a linker. We functionalized MoS nanosheets (NSs) with biotin-terminated dsDNA employing three different chemical strategies, namely, thiol, maleimide, and aryl diazonium. This allowed us to then tether streptavidinated quantum dots (QDs) to the DNA functionalized MoS surface via biotin-avidin recognition. Nanoscale control over the separation between QDs and NSs was achieved by varying the number of base pairs (bp) constituting the DNA linker, between 10, 20, and 30 bp, corresponding to separations of 3.4, 6.8, and 13.6 nm, respectively. Spectroscopic data confirmed the successful functionalization, while atomic force and transmission electron microscopy were employed to image the nanohybrids. In solution steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence demonstrated the electronic coupling between the two nanostructures, that in turn was observed to progressively scale as a function of DNA linker employed and hence distance between the two nanomoieties in the hybrids.
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