Plasmonic and bi-piezoelectric enhanced photocatalysis using PVDF/ZnO/Au nanobrush


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The photocatalytic degradation, as an environmental-friendly technology, has great significance for cost-effective and efficient catalysis processes, wherein piezo-photocatalysis can significantly increase the catalytic degradation rate using both solar and mechanical energy. Here, a ternary heterostructure PVDF/ZnO/Au (PZA) nanobrush photocatalyst with high piezo-photocatalytic efficiency was presented via low-temperature hydrothermal and chemical reduction methods. Under both solar and mechanical energy, the current response and degradation rate of the as-synthesized PZA nanobrush all increase significantly compared with that under solar alone and under mechanical energy alone, and the excellent recyclability is investigated. It is found that the PZA nanobrush with ultrasonic-assisted piezo-photocatalysis completely degrade MO of 20 mg/L in 60 min, which exhibits greater enhancement of photocatalytic activity than with stirring-assisted piezo-photocatalysis due to higher power. The high piezo-photocatalytic activity of PZA nanobrush is attributed to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) coupling of Au and built-in electric field originating from the ZnO and PVDF, which can increase the absorption of visible light, promote the charge transfer and separation of photogenerated electrons/holes. This work introduces the SPR and bipiezotronic effect to improve plasmonic photocatalysis with PZA heterostructures, which offers a new solution in green technologies to design high-performance catalysts for the environmental remediation.
bi-piezoelectric, nanobrush, photocatalysis, plasmonic, ZnO
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