Will Open Science Change Authorship for Good? Towards a Quantitative Analysis.

Italian Research Conference on Digital Library Management Systems (IRCDL)(2022)

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Abstract
Authorship of scientific articles has profoundly changed from early science until now. If once upon a time a paper was authored by a handful of authors, scientific collaborations are much more prominent on average nowadays. As authorship (and citation) is essentially the primary reward mechanism according to the traditional research evaluation frameworks, it turned to be a rather hot-button topic from which a significant portion of academic disputes stems. However, the novel Open Science practices could be an opportunity to disrupt such dynamics and diversify the credit of the different scientific contributors involved in the diverse phases of the lifecycle of the same research effort. In fact, a paper and research data (or software) contextually published could exhibit different authorship to give credit to the various contributors right where it feels most appropriate. We argue that this can be computationally analysed by taking advantage of the wealth of information in model Open Science Graphs. Such a study can pave the way to understand better the dynamics and patterns of authorship in linked literature, research data and software, and how they evolved over the years.
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Key words
science change authorship,quantitative
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