VMRF: View Matching Neural Radiance Fields

International Multimedia Conference(2022)

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ABSTRACTNeural Radiance Fields (NeRF) has demonstrated very impressive performance in novel view synthesis via implicitly modelling 3D representations from multi-view 2D images. However, most existing studies train NeRF models with either reasonable camera pose initialization or manually-crafted camera pose distributions which are often unavailable or hard to acquire in various real-world data. We design VMRF, an innovative view matching NeRF that enables effective NeRF training without requiring prior knowledge in camera poses or camera pose distributions. VMRF introduces a view matching scheme, which exploits unbalanced optimal transport to produce a feature transport plan for mapping a rendered image with randomly initialized camera pose to the corresponding real image. With the feature transport plan as the guidance, a novel pose calibration technique is designed which rectifies the initially randomized camera poses by predicting relative pose transformations between the pair of rendered and real images. Extensive experiments over a number of synthetic and real datasets show that the proposed VMRF outperforms the state-of-the-art qualitatively and quantitatively by large margins.
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