RF-Gait: Gait-Based Person Identification with COTS RFID

WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS & MOBILE COMPUTING(2022)

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摘要
Recently, person identification has been a prerequisite in many applications of the Internet of Things. As a new biometric identification technology, gait recognition has a wide application prospect with the advantages of long-distance recognition and difficulty to forge. However, the existing gait recognition methods have some problems, such as complex algorithm calculation, high user participation, and large equipment overhead. In this paper, we propose RF-Gait, a method that identifies a person through unobtrusive gait perception with COTS RFID. The key insight is that wireless signal fluctuation can be exploited to distinguish each person's unique gait behavior. To this end, we first collect and preprocess the gait-induced data composed of multiple RFID tags. Furthermore, multivariate variational mode decomposition is utilized to extract the intrinsic features in the spatial multichannels cooperatively. By developing a support vector machine model, we identify a person via the intrinsic walking pattern. Finally, extensive experiments show that our method can identify a person with an average accuracy of 96.3% from a group of twenty persons in a complex indoor environment.
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