Multi-synaptic boutons are a feature of CA1 hippocampal connections that may underlie network synchrony

biorxiv(2022)

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摘要
Excitatory synapses are typically described as single synaptic boutons (SSBs), where one presynaptic bouton contacts a single postsynaptic spine. Using serial section block face scanning electron microscopy, we found that this textbook definition of the synapse does not fully apply to the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Roughly half of all excitatory synapses in the stratum oriens involved multi-synaptic boutons (MSBs), where a single presynaptic bouton containing multiple active zones contacted many postsynaptic spines (from 2 to 7) on the basal dendrites of different cells. The fraction of MSBs increased during development (from P21 to P100) and decreased with distance from the soma. Curiously, synaptic properties such as active zone (AZ) or postsynaptic density (PSD) size exhibited less within-MSB variation when compared to neighbouring SSBs, features that were confirmed by super-resolution light microscopy. Computer simulations suggest that these properties favour synchronous activity in CA1 networks. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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关键词
ca1 hippocampal connections,multi-synaptic
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