Optimal Repair/Access MDS Array Codes with Multiple Repair Degrees


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In the literature, most of the known high-rate $(n,k)$ MDS array codes with the optimal repair property only support a single repair degree (i.e., the number of helper nodes contacted during a repair process) $d$, where $k\le d\le n-1$. However, in practical storage systems, the number of available nodes changes frequently. Thus, it is preferred to construct $(n,k)$ MDS array codes with multiple repair degrees and the optimal repair property for all nodes. To the best of our knowledge, only two MDS array codes have such properties in the literature, which were proposed by Ye and Barg (IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory, 63(10), 2001-2014, 2017). However, their sub-packetization levels are relatively large. In this paper, we present a generic construction method that can convert some MDS array codes with a single repair degree into the ones with multiple repair degrees and optimal repair property for a set of nodes, while the repair efficiency/degrees of the remaining nodes can be kept. As an application of the generic construction method, an explicit construction of high-rate MDS array code with multiple repair degrees and the optimal access property for all nodes is obtained over a small finite field. Especially, the sub-packetization level is much smaller than that of the two codes proposed by Ye and Barg concerning the same parameters $n$ and $k$.
repair/access mds array codes,multiple repair/access degrees,optimal repair/access
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