Design of an Autonomous Distributed Multi-agent Mission Control System for a Swarm of Satellites

ICAART: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 14TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGENTS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE - VOL 1(2022)

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摘要
The paper describes an autonomous distributed multi-agent system for mission control of a multi-satellite swarm, using direct data exchange between satellites in space via a radio channel to make coordinated collective decisions. The main advantage of autonomous control on board the vehicle is the ability to use the current data on its state to quickly respond to events in real time, without having to wait for a response or instructions from the Earth. The proposed approach develops the principles of creating self-organizing systems and is supposed to be implemented in several stages of the space mission. The first stage consists in conducting experiments on the use of inter-satellite interaction in order to assess and clarify the possibility of performing and correcting the plan of operations built on the ground with account of the current telemetry data obtained in real time. At the second stage, it is planned to use more powerful on-board computers and organize fully autonomous control in a mesh network formed by the satellites for a distributed solution of the observation problem, surveying a given area in the interests of ecology and solving other problems requiring coordinated interaction of devices. In this regard, this paper presents a refined brief problem statement for planning the work of a multi-satellite swarm in relation to the previously considered one. A brief description of the developed system is given, which makes it possible to implement processing applications for performing space experiments by means of the ground circuit and resources of the space constellation. The paper also presents the structure and functions of the autonomous multi-agent system and protocols of agent interaction, as well as models and methods of multi-agent group management. Prospects for further development and practical application of the approach are discussed.
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关键词
Satellite, Ground Station, Object of Observation, Inter-satellite Communication, Multi-agent Technology, Autonomous Control
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