Practical Near-Data-Processing Architecture for Large-Scale Distributed Graph Neural Network


引用 1|浏览44
Graph Neural Networks have drawn tremendous attention in the past few years due to their convincing performance and high interpretability in various graph-based tasks like link prediction and node classification. With the ever-growing graph size in the real world, especially for industrial graphs at a billion-level, the storage of graphs can easily consume Terabytes so that the process of GNNs has to be processed in a distributed manner. As a result, the execution could be inefficient due to the expensive cross-node communication and irregular memory access. Various GNN accelerators have been proposed for efficient GNN processing. They, however, mainly focused on small and medium-size graphs, which is not applicable to large-scale distributed graphs. In this paper, we present a practical Near-Data-Processing architecture based on a memory-pool system for large-scale distributed GNNs. We propose a customized memory fabric interface to construct the memory pool for low-latency and high throughput cross-node communication, which can provide flexible memory allocation and strong scalability. A practical Near-Data-Processing design is proposed for efficient work offloading and bandwidth utilization improvement. Moreover, we also introduce a partition and scheduling scheme to further improve performance and achieve workload balance. Comprehensive evaluations demonstrate that the proposed architecture can achieve up to 27 x and 8 x higher training speed compared to two state-of-the-art distributed GNN frameworks: Deep Graph Library and P-3, respectively.
Graph neural network, large-scale graph processing, memory pool, near data processing
AI 理解论文