Cerebral small vessel disease and post-stroke cognitive impairment.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE(2016)

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摘要
Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) refers to a group of pathological processes with multifarious etiologies that affect the small arteries, arterioles, venules, and capillaries of the brain. Features seen on neuroimaging include white matter hyperintensities, lacunar infarction, cerebral microbleeds, brain atrophy, microinfarcts and enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS). CSVD gives rise to one in five strokes worldwide and is a leading cause of cognitive impairment and dementia, especially in the elderly. Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is one of the most common subtypes of cognitive impairment. The underlying mechanisms of PSCI are not known in detail. A growing body of evidence has been suggesting that CSVD plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PSCI. This article reviews the advances in research on the relationship between CSVD and PSCI.
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关键词
White matter hyperintensities, lacunar infarct, cerebral microbleeds, stroke, cognitive impairment
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