$\Lambda/{\bar \Lambda}$ Polarization and Splitting Induced by Rotation and Magnetic Field

arxiv(2022)

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Abstract
The global polarization of $\Lambda/{\bar \Lambda}$ and the splitting of ${\bar \Lambda}-\Lambda$ polarization induced by rotation and magnetic field has been investigated in a dynamical quark model by taking into account the axial vector interaction and the anomalous magnetic moment of quarks. It is found that the rotation leads to the spin polarization of quarks and anti-quarks with the same sign, while the magnetic field to opposite sign, which corresponds to the ${\bar \Lambda}-\Lambda$ polarization splitting. The combination of the two effects leads to perfect agreement with experiment data. Quantitatively, the axial vector spin polarization contributes 30$\%$ of the global polarization and the anomalous magnetic moment of quarks contributes 40$\%$ to the splitting of ${\bar \Lambda}-\Lambda$ polarization. However, at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} \leq 7.7 \text{GeV}$, it still remains a challenge to reach enough magnitude of the magnetic field at freeze-out.
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