mEos4b Photoconversion Efficiency Depends on Laser Illumination Conditions Used in PALM

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS(2022)

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摘要
Green-to-red photoconvertible fluorescent proteins (PCFPs) are widely employed as markers in photoactivated localization microscopy (PALM). However, their highly complex photophysical behavior complicates their usage. The fact that only a limited fraction of a PCFP ensemble can form the photoconverted state upon near-UV light illumination, termed photoconversion efficiency (PCE), lowers the achievable spatial resolution in PALM and creates undercounting errors in quantitative counting applications. Here, we show that the PCE of mEos4b is not a fixed property of this PCFP but strongly depends on illumination conditions. Attempts to reduce long-lived blinking in red mEos4b by application of 488 nm light lead to a reduction of the PCE. Furthermore, the PCE of mEos4b strongly depends on the applied 405 nm power density. A refined photophysical model of mEos4b accounts for the observed effects, involving nonlinear green-state photobleaching upon violet light illumination favored by photon absorption by a putative radical dark state.
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laser illumination conditions
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