Enabling Selenium-Rich SexSy Cathodes to Work in Carbonate-Based Electrolytes

ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS(2022)

引用 16|浏览6
暂无评分
摘要
Lithium-sulfur/selenium batteries have attracted broad interest and achieved good performance using ether-based electrolytes. However, when the ether-based electrolytes are employed, Li-S/Se battery systems still have several inevitable drawbacks inhibiting their practical applications, such as intermediate product dissolution issues, and a dependency on a high content of electrolyte. Thus, it is urgent to pay attention to the electrochemical properties of SexSy cathodes in carbonate-based electrolytes, which may avoid the above mentioned problems. In this work, a series of mesoporous carbon/SexSy (CMK-3/SexSy) composites with covalent Se-S bonds and different Se/S molar ratios are prepared and their working mechanism in carbonate-based electrolytes is systematically investigated by combining experimental analysis and theoretical calculations. This work finds that the Se in the CMK-3/SexSy cathode is beneficial for the transportation of Li+ ions and forms a thin cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) during the discharge-charge process. Furthermore, S substitution in Se-8 molecules can enhance the specific capacity and lower the bond breaking and lithiation energies. The optimal CMK-3/SexSy cathode delivers outstanding performance with a high reversible capacity of 609 mA h g(-1) at 1 A g(-1) over 300 cycles
更多
查看译文
关键词
carbonate-based electrolytes,enhanced conductivity,mesoporous carbon,selenium-rich SexSy cathodes,solid-conversion mechanism
AI 理解论文
溯源树
样例
生成溯源树,研究论文发展脉络