Hybrid Model-Based / Data-Driven Graph Transform for Image Coding

2022 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE PROCESSING, ICIP(2022)

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摘要
Transform coding to sparsify signal representations remains crucial in an image compression pipeline. While the Karhunen-Loève transform (KLT) computed from an empirical covariance matrix ${\mathbf{\bar C}}$ is theoretically optimal for a stationary process, in practice, collecting sufficient statistics from a non-stationary image to reliably estimate ${\mathbf{\bar C}}$ can be difficult. In this paper, to encode an intra-prediction residual block, we pursue a hybrid model-based / data-driven approach: the first K eigenvectors of a transform matrix are derived from a statistical model, e.g., the asymmetric discrete sine transform (ADST), for stability, while the remaining N −K are computed from ${\mathbf{\bar C}}$ for data adaptivity. The transform computation is posed as a graph learning problem, where we seek a graph Laplacian matrix minimizing a graphical lasso objective inside a convex cone sharing the first K eigenvectors in a Hilbert space of real symmetric matrices. We efficiently solve the problem via augmented Lagrangian relaxation and proximal gradient (PG). Using open-source WebP as a baseline image codec, experimental results show that our hybrid graph transform achieved better coding performance than discrete cosine transform (DCT), ADST and KLT, and better stability than KLT.
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关键词
image coding,graph transform,model-based,data-driven
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